JOE ARCHINO

My Mission

I firmly believe that our first duty as Americans and people of the world is to remember the sacrifices of others. Sports broadcasting gave me my voice. Now, I’m using that voice and all of the skills that I have learned to honor the heroes of history. By eternalizing the stories of these individuals, I hope that I can remind everyone why we should never take anything in this life for granted. As time goes on, this website will serve as a resource for all generations to understand why we must always honor the ultimate symbols of our freedom.   

 

THIS IS WHY WE STAND

Duty Goes Both Ways

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Buffalo Soldiers Day

July 28 is observed annually as Buffalo Soldiers Day. On this day in 1866, the first regular Army regiments of African-American soldiers were formed. Many African-American regiments were raised by the Union Army during the Civil War. Nearly 179,000 black soldiers served in the army during the conflict. After the war was over, congress established Buffalo Soldiers as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army. Buffalo Soldiers saw extensive action on America's Western Frontier. According to smithsonianmag.com, "It was the Native Americans they fought who gave the Buffalo Soldiers their nickname." While the Buffalo Soldiers did not always get the praise and respect they d

National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day

July 27, 2017 has been designated as National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day. An official press release from the White House states that on this day, "we honor the patriots who defended the Korean Peninsula against the spread of Communism in what became the first major conflict of the Cold War." More than 36,000 Americans lost their lives during the Korean War between 1950 and 1953. In this video, I provide a comprehensive overview of the Korean War, often remembered as America's "Forgotten War." On July 27, 1953, an armistice was signed between North Korea, China, and the United Nations to bring hostilities to an end. While the armistice put a stop to the fighting, a final peaceful settl

July 26, 1948: President Truman Issues Executive Order 9981 Desegregating the Military

On July 26, 1948, President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order No. 9981. This order was established to end segregation in the United States Military. It stated, “It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin.” The Harry S. Truman Library & Museum writes, "Full integration did not come until the Korean War however, when heavy casualties forced segregated units to merge for survival." President Truman once said, "America was built on courage, on imagination and an unbeatable determination to do the job at hand." Since the foun

The Forgotten Heroes of Dunkirk

Critics have been raving about Christopher Nolan’s film Dunkirk since its release around the world. Because of this film, more people than ever will understand the implications behind one of the greatest stories of survival and determination in human history. Operation Dynamo was the biggest evacuation in military history. Between May 26 and June 4, 1940, nearly 338,000 allied troops were rescued from the beaches of Dunkirk, France. This could not have been accomplished without the help of British civilians who in their “little ships” sailed to Dunkirk to bring troops back home. The Royal Air Force also did everything in its power to secure the air while the evacuation was conducted. It is e

The Battle of Groton Heights

1781 was a critically important year during the Revolutionary War. With French troops now committed to assisting the American war effort, British victory was looking less certain. Around this time, General George Washington and his army was marching towards Yorktown, Virginia. In an attempt to divert Washington’s attention away from Yorktown, British General Sir Henry Clinton ordered an attack on New London, Connecticut. The infamous American traitor, Benedict Arnold, a native of Connecticut, was entrusted with leading this expedition. On September 6, 1781, General Benedict Arnold’s force of around 1,600 British troops anchored off New London. According to fortgriswold.org, “the British land

Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park: The Groton Monument

Before I release my feature article about the Battle of Groton Heights and Fort Griswold, I wanted to touch on one more monument that can be found at Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park. Behind me in the photo above is the massive Groton Monument, standing at 135 feet tall. It was built between 1826 and 1830. According to fortgriswold.org, the Groton Monument, "is the oldest monument of its type in the country." There are 166 total steps that lead to the top floor inside the monument. It is also inherently unique to the area of Groton, Connecticut, since it was originally built with granite quarried locally. One of the other defining features of the Groton Monument is it's marble plaque wit

July 18, 1863: Colonel Robert Shaw and the 54th Massachusetts Assault Fort Wagner

On July 18, 1863, Union Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and 272 of his men from the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment were killed in an assault on Fort Wagner, near Charleston South Carolina. After President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, African-Americans had the opportunity to join in the fight for their freedom and serve as soldiers in the Union Army. The following month, Massachusetts Governor John A. Andrew, “issued the Civil War’s first call for black soldiers,” according to history.com. When the 54th Infantry regiment assembled for training camp, more than 1,000 men had volunteered. These volunteers came from many other states including New York,

Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park: Spanish-American War Cannon

As promised, today I’m continuing to share more of the photos and stories that I gathered from my visit to Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park in Groton Connecticut. This was the sight of the largest battle fought in Connecticut during the Revolutionary War on September 6, 1781. There is so much more to Fort Griswold than just its ties to the American Revolution. An example of this can be found in front of the Groton Monument, which is hard to miss standing at 135 feet tall. The Groton Monument. Built between 1826 and 1830. It's built of granite quarried locally. There are 166 steps leading to the top of the monument. In front of this monument dedicated to the defenders of Fort Griswold is

Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park: Civil War Memorial

Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park in Groton, Connecticut is truly an amazing place. This was the site of the largest Revolutionary War battle fought in Connecticut almost 236 years ago. I’m very much looking forward to sharing the photos and stories from this landmark over the next few days. While it’s easy to consider Fort Griswold itself as the main attraction, there are a variety of other memorials and artifacts that can be found on these grounds. One of my personal favorites is the Civil War Memorial, erected by Sergeant Robert Gray to honor his brave comrades that valiantly fought for the Union cause. Gray served with the 21st Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers during the war and is a

The History and Significance Behind the Medal of Honor

On July 12, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed a law into measure that called for the awarding of a U.S. Army Medal of Honor. It had previously been made for the Navy and was later adapted for the Air Force. There are three present day variations of the Medal to represent these three services. 3,515 individuals have been awarded the Medal of Honor since it was created almost 155 years ago. It is the United States Military's highest decoration. In the video above, I discuss the significance and history of the Medal of Honor.

July 10, 1940: The Battle of Britain Begins

By July of 1940, Nazi Germany had conquered almost all of Europe with devastating speed and tactics. In only six weeks, German forces had defeated the French army and occupied most of France. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill understood what was going to happen next. He said, “The Battle of France is over. I suspect that the Battle of Britain is about to begin.” Churchill was correct. His nation would soon be fighting for its very survival. With France and the rest of Western Europe out of the way, Hitler set his sights on conquering Great Britain. He hoped that the British would recognize, “her militarily hopeless situation,” and surrender without a fight. Surrender was never even a

A British SAS Unit Fights Out of a Brutal Ambush

Since being founded to operate behind enemy lines in North Africa during World War II, the British Army's Secret Air Service (SAS) has built a reputation as one of the most elite special forces units in the world. Military sources confirmed to dailystar.co.uk that on July 2, 2017, an SAS team survived an ambush launched by terrorists from the Islamic State close to the town of Mosul in Northern Iraq. These special operators were conducting an intelligence gathering mission when a firefight erupted with around 50 terrorists. The Daily Star writes, "Over the next four hours the British troops were caught up in a fighting withdrawal across the Iraqi countryside. By the evening, the SAS team is

The Story Behind One of the Most Iconic Images in American History

This recruiting poster featuring Uncle Sam pointing his finger at the viewer is one of the most iconic images in American history. While we are accustomed to this depiction of Uncle Sam today, he did not always look this way. In the late 1860s and 1870s, a political cartoonist named Thomas Nast is credited with beginning to popularize the image of Uncle Sam. According to history.com, "Nast continued to evolve the image, eventually giving Sam the white beard and stars-and-stripes suit that are associated with the character today." Nast's image of Uncle Sam on the cover of the November 24, 1876 edition of Harper's Weekly. (Photo: sonofthesouth.net) James Montgomery Flagg was later tasked with

The First American Fatality of the Korean War: Private Kenneth Shadrick

According to American Heroes Channel, Private Shadrick, right, "Was killed moments after this photo was taken, thus becoming the first American killed during the Korean War." On July 5, 1950, Private Kenneth Shadrick became the first American fatality of the Korean War. His death came just six days after President Harry S. Truman committed U.S. ground forces to Korea to help repel a communist invasion launched by the North Korean People’s Army. This sudden attack with 90,000 troops was performed with Soviet made tanks and weapons, quickly forcing South Korea into a fight for its life. For my complete guide to the Korean War, please consult the video above. Shadrick was one of the first to th

The Declaration of Independence is Read to George Washington's Army

First and foremost, I want to wish all of my followers a very happy Fourth of July. In the spirit of this special day, here is a short story about when the Declaration of Independence was read to George Washington's army for the first time. On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. This proclaimed the independence of the United States of America from Great Britain and King George III. The first section of the document starts with these immortal words, "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Ha

Pickett's Charge and the Aftermath of the Battle of Gettysburg

On July 3, 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg entered its third and final day. After the first day, Confederate General Robert E. Lee looked poised for another major victory. On the second day, Union forces managed to hold their lines against Lee’s attacks. After failing to break the left and right of the Union position, General Lee ordered a final attack on the Union Center. During the last day of fighting at Gettysburg, a 15,000-man strong Confederate column of troops under General George Pickett was entrusted with attacking the Union Center. Pickett’s forces had to cross the distance of one mile to reach the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. To clear the way for the infantry, General Lee ordere

Colonel Joshua Chamberlain and the Defense of Little Round Top

On July 2, 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg entered its second day. After the first day of fighting, the Confederates had taken the town of Gettysburg and Union forces had withdrawn to the high ground on Gettysburg’s southern edge. Union General George Meade’s army now formed a three-mile long, fishhook-shaped line. This ran from Culp’s Hill on the right flank, along Cemetery Ridge, to the base of Little Round Top. With the town under his control, Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s forces stretched along a six-mile arc around the Union position. Lee’s next move was to attack each end of the Union position. The Battle of Gettysburg could have been lost for the Union on July 2 had it not been f

Battle of the Somme: The Bloodiest Day In British Army History

At zero hour on July 1, 1916, the Allies launched one of the largest offensives of World War I on German positions near the Somme River in France. Of the 120,000 Allied troops who launched the initial attack, nearly 20,000 were killed, most of them in the first hour. Another 37,000 were wounded. This combination of 57,470 British casualties was greater than the total combined British casualties in the Crimean, Boer, and Korean Wars. The first day of the Battle of the Somme was the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army. This is the story of the 141-day battle which resulted in over one million casualties. By its end, the British had only advanced a total of five miles.

 

SERVICE THROUGH SKILL

I will use my skills to help anyone that I can. No one will be forgotten and no place is out of reach. 

HISTORIAN

From a very young age I have understood that my place in this world is the result of sacrifices made by others. My passion for Military history helped to fuel that belief and has been a constant in my life ever since. .

SPORTS BROADCASTER

I have been fortunate enough to have worked for the New York Giants, Madison Square Garden, & ESPN Radio Albany. I have hosted my own sports talk show called, The Sports Vault for over 5 years. These experiences continue to enhance my creative capabilities. 

PUBLIC SPEAKER

Nothing brings me more joy than sharing my mission with others. Whether it's in front of a camera, microphone, or classroom, I am open to every form of communication. .

 

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Rye, NY, 10580

(914)-318-8737

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